The evolution of the mobile network and the ever-increasing demand for bandwidth are forcing operators to migrate their infrastructures to packet-based technology. This type of network infrastructure brings signiﬁcant advantages, as well as numerous challenges. One of the challenges confronting mobile operators is the need to provide accurate synchronization to the base station in order to ensure proper hands-off calls, minimize dropped calls and provide proper billing.
The only way to prevent synchronization issues is to ensure that the network is sufficiently well built to carry the synchronization scheme, and this can only be achieved by testing the network during construction and deployment of synchronization services. The following facts detail some of the most important elements in synchronization networks.